Endocrinology of Physical Activity
June 26, 2021
HORMONAL CONDITIONING IN ATHLETES – A NOVEL MECHANISM UNVEILED
Dr. Cadegiani conducted the EROS study, the study that discovered the existence of a novel mechanism that occurs in physically active subjects, termed as 'hormonal conditioning', by demonstrating that multiple hormonal axes have optimized responses to any type of stimulation, not only to physical effort, which may finally explain several of the health benefits of physical activity for which the mechanisms could not be fully clarified until these findings.
In conclusion, not only the cardiovascular and musculoskeletal systems become conditioned with training, but also the endocrine system, helping improve performance and reducing multiple risks related to diseases.
HOW ATHLETES HABITS MAY INFLUENCE THEIR PERFORMANCE? DISCOVERY OF NOVEL CORRELATIONS
In the EROS study, Dr. Cadegiani also noticed that good eating and sleeping habits can improve direct- or indirectly sports performance.
Higher protein intake was able to improve body fat, muscles, and hydration. Carbohydrate intake was able to improve sports performance and was not directly correlated with fat gain, except when too much. On the other hand, too few carbohydrate intake led to a paradoxical fat gain and muscle loss. However, athletes with too few carbohydrate intake but that allowed themselves indulge twice a week in a as-much-as-you-can-eat meal were able to prevent this paradoxical reaction, and actually built up more muscles and lost fat.
Too much work led to body composition and metabolism changes for the bad. Bad quality of sleep led to multiple psychological consequences.