Outline of the chapter 6. New understanding on overtraining syndrome
June 27, 2021
Chapter 6. New understanding on Overtraining Syndrome. Outline.
From an overtraining-centered to a multi-factorial understanding of OTS: the author summarizes the major change in this paradigm of the understanding of OTS, in an illustrative fashion. This is a key sub-section of the book, since it brings OTS and Burnout together for future researches;
The pivotal sequence of dysfunctions that leads to OTS: the author demonstrates the logical dysfunctional pathways that lead to OTS, from the collection of findings of the EROS and all the other studies. The rationale of OTS should be easily learned from this perspective. Basically, a combination of chronic deprivations, including insufficient caloric intake, lack of good sleep quality, insufficient lack, and concurrent physical and cognitive extreme demands, leads to chronic deprivation of energy and mechanisms of repair at a cell level. The organism needs to adapt in a way that it maintains survival and functioning. Multiple adaptations do occur, but as a “price” to maintain “normal” functioning under such an extreme inhospitable environment, these adaptations are highly dysfunctional and toxic. When these adaptations combine and interact, they work in a synergistically manner boosting the level of dysfunctions. The result is OTS. And a quite similar sequence of facts occur in Burnout Syndrome.
Overtraining syndrome: an overt or a relative dysfunction? When findings in OTS are analyzed from the perspective of normal ranges and general populations, they do not show any abnormality. However, when compared to sex-, age- and BMI-matched healthy athletes, several alterations emerge. A paradoxical? No. The answer is on the fact that healthy athletes also differ from the general population, and do show some “alterations” that are actually physiological. This is explored by the author in this section;
Unexpected serendipitous findings of novel conditioning processes in healthy athletes: Since a two-group control started to be employed to compare with OTS-affected athletes, highly unexpected differences between healthy athletes and sedentary have been detected. Among these, a true process of intrinsic hormonal conditioning has been described in athletes, similarly to those that occur in the cardiovascular and musculoskeletal systems, as well as several other metabolic benefits;
The novel key pathophysiological characteristic of overtraining syndrome: The key change in the understanding of OTS led to a redefinition of its pathophysiology, which is described by the author, using highly illustrative figures;
New concepts on overtraining syndrome: Similarly to the changes in the pathophysiology of OTS, new concepts have arisen from the multiple novel findings, and they are thoroughly explained, one-by-one, by the author in this section;